Resilience is defined as the ability to respond and adapt both to chronic stresses and to acute shocks. The December 2, 2013 announcement selected the first thirty-three cities out of more than one thousand applications. The second round selected another thirty-five “resilient cities” listed below, making a total of 67 resilient cities selected.
Among the winners: One of the oldest continuously inhabited cities in the world, withstanding shocks for eight millennia. An African city harmonizing climate change adaptation, biodiversity, planning, management and water security. And a city in South America with landslides and forest fires, situated in the shadow of a volcano. Alameda was selected, then deselected.